The Lesser Prairie Chicken, or Tympanuchus pallidicinctus, is a North American grouse species. LPC are mostly brown with small white or tan horizontal stripes and are about the size of a domestic chicken. Males have red-purple air sacs on the side of their necks that inflate when courting females.
LPC are commonly known for their elaborate mating dance, which is performed in an open area called a lek. LPC are not very territorial, except for their leks, so home ranges of individuals overlap and vary by sex, age, season, and weather patterns.
Insects, such as grasshoppers, beetles, bugs, and caterpillars, are a key component of the LPC diet and are especially important for broods. LPC adults also eat vegetation, such as oaks, grain crops, sumac, and gromwell, depending on the season.
The primary causes of LPC population decline are habitat loss and fragmentation. Specifically, conversion of native prairie to cropland, long term fire suppression leading to tree invasion, grazing management practices, herbicide spraying, fragmentation caused by oil and gas development and wind energy development, fences and utility lines, prolonged drought and climate change.